This is a health condition involving changes in emotion, thinking and behaviour. This condition is often identified by signs regarded as mental health symptoms. They are associated with distress and/or problems functioning in educational, occupational, interpersonal, personal activities.

  • Significant change in thinking, emotion and/or behaviour.
  • Distress and/or problems functioning in social, work or family activities


Mental health without concerns is wholeness. However, when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function, mental health concern becomes a mental illness.

Below are the symptoms of mental illness:

  • Feeling sad or down.
  • Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate.
  • Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt.
  • Extreme mood changes of highs and lows.
  • Withdrawal from friends and activities.
  • Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping.
  • Detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia or hallucinations.
  • Inability to cope with daily problems or stress.
  • Trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people.
  • Problems with alcohol or drug use.
  • Major changes in eating habits.
  • Sex drive changes.
  • Excessive anger, hostility or violence.
  • Suicidal thinking.

These signs and symptoms vary, depending on the disorder, circumstances and other factors.


Causes of mental illness ranges from biological, physical, psychological and environmental stressors.

  • Biological causes are usually based on Genetics and Family History, chemical imbalances in the brain.
  • Physical causes could be as a result of head injury, default in developmental stages and serious medical condition involving the brain.
  • Psychological causes are seen to be stressors like emotional abuse, neglect, negative thoughts, esteem, resilience, work-related stress, marital stress, day life hassles etc
  • Environmental causes could be due to traumatic event or experiences, economic difficulty like loss of job etc
  • Substance abuse


Generally untreated mental health can cause severe emotional, behavioral and physical health problems.

Other effects of mental health sometimes include:

  • Unhappiness and decreased enjoyment of life.
  • Family conflicts.
  • Relationship difficulties. Social isolation.
  • Problems with tobacco, alcohol and other drugs.
  • Missed work or school, or other problems related to work or school.
  • Legal and financial problems.
  • Poverty and homelessness.
  • Self-harm and harm to others, including suicide or homicide.
  • Weakened immune system, so your body has a hard time resisting infections.
  • Heart disease and other medical conditions.


  • Seek Help.
  • Treatment:
  • – Medication (Chemotherapy)
    – Psychotherapy
    – Medication and Psychotherapy
  • Follow Dos and avoid the don’ts of mental illness.
  • Regular health check up.
  • Avoidance of risk factors.
  • Drug compliance.
  • Support groups.
Article Also Available At: Mind Engrave Africa

Updated:  26/11/2020


  • Dan am thanh san khau

    Aw, this was a very nice post. In concept I want to put in writing like this additionally ?taking time and actual effort to make an excellent article?but what can I say?I procrastinate alot and by no means appear to get one thing done. Selinda Silvanus Merton

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